The Kyoto Protocol, or simply known as the Kyoto Agreement, is an international treaty that was created in 1997 as a response to the growing concern of climate change and its impacts on the planet. It is a legally binding agreement that aims to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases and prevent global warming from exceeding dangerous levels.
The Kyoto Protocol was created under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was signed by 154 countries during the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The UNFCCC is an international treaty that aims to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
The Kyoto Protocol was negotiated during the third conference of the parties (COP3) of the UNFCCC in Kyoto, Japan, from December 1 to 11, 1997. The protocol was signed by 187 countries, including the European Union, but not the United States.
The Kyoto Protocol was created with the goal of reducing the emission of greenhouse gases by industrialized countries to an average of 5.2 percent below their 1990 levels by the year 2012. The protocol provides flexible mechanisms for achieving these targets, including emissions trading, joint implementation, and the Clean Development Mechanism.
The Kyoto Protocol came into force on February 16, 2005, after it was ratified by the required number of countries. However, some countries, particularly the United States, did not ratify the protocol, citing concerns about its impact on their economy and the lack of involvement of developing countries in the agreement.
In conclusion, the Kyoto Protocol was created under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change during the third Conference of the Parties in Kyoto, Japan. The protocol was signed by 187 countries and aimed to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases by industrialized countries to an average of 5.2 percent below their 1990 levels by the year 2012. Despite its successes, the Kyoto Protocol faced challenges due to the lack of participation by some countries, particularly the United States.